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AFM-T

AFM-T

Fluorometholone and Tetrahydrozoline HCl

Fluorometholone is thought to act by the induction of phospholipase A2 inhibitory proteins which control the biosynthesis of potent mediators of inflammation such as prostaglandins and leukotrienes by inhibiting the release of their common precursor arachidonic acid. On the other hand, Tetrahydrozoline is an alpha agonist which constricts the conjunctival blood vessels and thereby relieves the redness of the eye.

Product Details

Presentation

AFM-T Sterile Eye Drops: Each ml contains Fluorometholone USP 1 mg and Tetrahydrozoline HCl USP 0.25 mg.

Preservative : Benzalkonium Chloride Solution BP 0.01%.
Vehicle : Polyvinyl Alcohol USP 1.4%.

Pharmacology

Fluorometholone is thought to act by the induction of phospholipase A2 inhibitory proteins which control the biosynthesis of potent mediators of inflammation such as prostaglandins and leukotrienes by inhibiting the release of their common precursor arachidonic acid. On the other hand, Tetrahydrozoline is an alpha agonist which constricts the conjunctival blood vessels and thereby relieves the redness of the eye.

Indication

AFM-T eye drops is indicated in acute allergic, noninfectious conjunctivitis & keratitis, severe swelling & hyperaemia, noninfectious inflammation of the anterior segment of the eye (including anterior uveitis, episcleritis & scleritis) and post-operative conditions.

Dosage & Administration

Instill 1 drop into the conjunctival sac 2-3 times daily. The dose may be increased for severe and adult patient to 1 drop hourly for first one to two days.

Contraindications

It is contraindicated in infectious conjunctivitis or keratitis, injuries or ulcerous processes of the cornea, glaucoma, diseases associated with stromal damage of the cornea or sclera & dry eyes.

Warning & Precautions

Avoid prolonged use. This preparation should be used after a careful risk benefit evaluation in case of patients with severe blood circulation diseases, metabolic disturbances, under treatment with MAOIs & other potentially hypertensive drugs, history of cataract, herpes simplex infection, rhinitis sicca.

Side effects

Mild burning sensation, reversible increase in intraocular pressure, reactive hyperemia, cataract & corneal defects, glaucoma, systemic effects (chronic use).

Use in special groups

Use in pregnancy & lactation: There are no adequate and well-controlled studies of Fluorometholone & Tetrahydrozoline in pregnancy or while breast-feeding. Therefore, this combination should be used during pregnancy only if the potential benefits justify the potential risk to the fetus.

Use in children: Safety & effectiveness in children below 2 years of age have not been established.

Packing

AFM-T Sterile Eye Drops: Each plastic dropper bottle contains 5 ml sterile eye drops.

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