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AZ

Azithromycin

AZ contains Azithromycin Dihydrate USP an azalide, a subclass of macrolide antibiotics, for oral administration. Following oral administration, Azithromycin is rapidly absorbed and widely distributed throughout the body. Azithromycin acts by binding to the 50s ribosomal subunit of susceptible microorganisms and thus interfering with microbial protein synthesis. Azithromycin is active against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative microorganisms.

Product Details

Presentation

AZ-250 Tablet : Each film coated tablet contains Azithromycin Dihydrate USP equivalent to Azithromycin 250 mg.
AZ-500 Tablet : Each film coated tablet contains Azithromycin Dihydrate USP equivalent to Azithromycin 500 mg.
AZ-250 Capsule : Each capsule contains Azithromycin Dihydrate USP equivalent to Azithromycin 250 mg.
AZ-500 Capsule : Each capsule contains Azithromycin Dihydrate USP equivalent to Azithromycin 500 mg.
AZ Taste Masked Powder for Suspension : After reconstitution each 5 ml contains Azithromycin Dihydrate USP equivalent to Azithromycin 200 mg.

Pharmacology

AZ contains Azithromycin Dihydrate USP an azalide, a subclass of macrolide antibiotics, for oral administration. Following oral administration, Azithromycin is rapidly absorbed and widely distributed throughout the body. Azithromycin acts by binding to the 50s ribosomal subunit of susceptible microorganisms and thus interfering with microbial protein synthesis. Azithromycin is active against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative microorganisms.

Indication

AZ is indicated in lower respiratory tract infections including bronchitis and pneumonia, otitis media and in upper respiratory tract infections including sinusitis and pharyngitis/tonsillitis, skin and soft tissue infections, mild to moderate typhoid due to multiple-antibacterial resistant organisms, cholera in children & adult and sexually transmitted diseases both in men and women. Azithromycin is also indicated for the treatment of uncomplicated genital infections due to Chlamydia trachomatis and urethritis and cervicitis due to Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoea.

Dosage & Administration

AZ Tablet & Taste Masked Powder for Suspension may be taken with or without food but AZ Capsule should be taken at least 1 hour before or 2 hours after food.
Adult : For sexually transmitted disease caused by Chlamydia trachomatis the dose is 1 g as a single dose. For all other indications, the total dose is 1.5 g which should be given as 500 mg daily for 3 days or initially, 500 mg as a single doses followed by a 250 mg single daily dose for the next 4 days. For typhoid fever, the dose is 500 mg once daily for 14 days.
Elderly : Normal adult dose is recommended.
Children > 6 months : The usual dose is 10 mg/kg body weight as a single daily dose for three days: for body weight 15-25 kg, 200 mg or 5 ml/day for 3 days: body weight 26-35 kg, 300 mg or 7.5 ml/day for 3 days: body weight 36-45 kg, 400 mg or 10 ml/day for 3 days. For typhoid fever 10 mg/kg body weight once daily for 7 days or 20 mg/kg body weight once daily for 5 days.
Children < 6 months : Not recommended.

Contraindications

AZ is contraindicated in patients with known hypersensitivity to Azithromycin, erythromycin or any of the macrolide antibiotics.

Warning & Precautions

As with any antibiotic preparation, observation for signs of superinfection with non-susceptible organisms, including fungi, is recommended. Caution should be exercised when Azithromycin is administered to subjects with severe renal impairment. Azithromycin is principally eliminated via the liver, so caution should be exercised when Azithromycin is administered to patients with impaired hepatic function.
Use in Pregnancy : Pregnancy category B.
Use in Lactation : Caution should be exercised when Azithromycin is administered to a nursing mother.

Side effects

AZ is well tolerated with a low incidence of side effects. Majority of the side effects are mild to moderate in nature and of gastro-intestinal in origin with nausea, abdominal discomfort, vomiting, flatulence and diarrhoea. Allergic reactions such as rash have occurred and there have also been rare reports of serious hypersensitivity reactions. Reversible elevations in liver transaminase have been seen with a frequency similar to the comparative macrolides and penicillins used in clinical trials.


Drug interaction

Antacids: in patients receiving Azithromycin and antacid, Azithromycin should be taken at least 1 hour before or 2 hours after antacid. Cyclosporin & Digoxin: Macrolides interfere with the metabolism of cyclosporin & digoxin. Ergot derivatives: Because of the theoretical possibility of ergotism, Azithromycin and ergot derivatives should not be coadministered. Terfenadine: As with other macrolides, Azithromycin should be administered with caution in combination with terfenadine.


Packing

AZ-250 Tablet : Each box contains 10 tablets in alu-alu blister pack.
AZ-500 Tablet : Each box contains 12 tablets in alu-alu blister pack.
AZ-250 Capsule : Earh box contains 10 capsules in alu-alu blister pack.
AZ-500 Capsule : Each box contains 12 capsules in alu-alu blister pack.
AZ Taste Masked Powder For Suspension : Each bottle contains 20/35/50 ml Taste Masked Powder for Suspension.

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